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VisionEssence™ - Research Citations

Alpha Lipoic Acid

L. Packer, E. H. Witt, "Alpha-lipoic acid as a biological antioxidant", Free Radical Biology and Medicine 19(2), (1995), 227-250

Ascorbic (Vitamin C)

H. Padh, "Vitamin C: Newer Insights into Its Biochemical Functions", Nutrition Reviews 49(3), (1991), 65-70

Lester Packer, “Vitamin C in health and disease”, CRC 5, (1997)

BioVinca (Vinpocetine)

P. Bönöczk, Z. Cserjés, G. Kiss, E. Szikszay, S. Végh, “Retrospective analysis of the effect of vinpocetine infusion in ophthalmologic disorders”, Orv Hetil  147(49), (2006), 2361-5

S.E. Avetisov, T. N. Kiseleva, E.A. Kravchuk, luM Lagutina, ”Effect of vasoactive agents on visual functions and ocular blood flow in patients with early manifestation s of age-related macular degeneration”,  Vestn Oftalmol  123(3), (2007), 26-8

T. Alexy, Z. Biro, T. Habon, R. Halmosi, B.Horvath, G. Kesmarky, Z. Marton, L. Szapary, , K. Toth,   J. Vekasi, “In vitro antioxidant properties of pentoxiyflline, piracetam, and vinpocetine”,  Clin Neuropharmcol  25(1), (2002), 37-42

Black Current

M. Hirayama, H. Matsumoto, Y. Nakamura, K. Okubo, Y. Yoshiki, “Antioxidant activity of black currant in anthocyanin aglycons and their glycosides measured by chemiluminescence in a neutral pH region and in human plasma”, J Agric Food Chem  50(18), (2002), 5034-7

M. Hirayama, H. Matsumoto, H. Nakaishi, S. Tominaga, “Effects of black current anthocyanoside intake on dark adaption and VDT work-induced transient refractive alteration in healthy humans”, Altern Med Rev 5(6), (2000), 55-62

Goji fruit

H. K. Kim, H. P. Kim, J. Kim, S. Y. Kim, Y. C. Kim, Y. C.  Kim, E. J. Lee, J. H. Park, “Zeaxanthin dipalmitate from Lycium chinense fruit reduces experimentally induced hepatic fibrosis in rats”,  Biol Pharm Bull 25(3), (2002), 390-392

H. P. Kim, S. Y. Kim, Y. C.  Kim, and Y. C. Kim, E. J. Lee, “Zeaxanthin dipalmitate from Lycium chinense has hepatoprotective activity”, Res Commun.Mol.Pathol Pharmacol 97(3), (1997), 301-314

Michael Tierra, Planetary Herbology (Twin Lakes: Lotus Press, 1988)

R. C. Chang, C. M. Che, S. W. Lai, S. K. Leung, K. F. So, M. S. Yu, W. H. Yuen, S. Y. Zee, “Neuroprotective effects of anti-aging oriental medicine Lycium barbarum against beta-amyloid peptide neurotoxicity”,  Exp Gerontol   40(8-9), (2005), 716-727

Z. H. Jiang, K. S. Leung, Y.Li, C. Ma, Y. Peng, Z. Zhao, “Quantification of zeaxanthin dipalmitate and total carotenoids in Lycium fruits (Fructus Lycii)”,  Plant Foods Hum.Nutr 60(4), (2005), 161-164

Lutein and Zeaxanthin

C. Bruno, G. Fabrizi, P. Morganti, “Protective effects of oral antioxidants on skin and eye function”, Skinmed  3(6), (2004), 310-316

G. Aldini, E. J. Johnson, K. Kraemer, N. I. Krinsky, N. Musaeus, H. Rasmussen, R. M. Russell, H. Woolf, K. J. Yeum, X. Zhao, “Modification of lymphocyte DNA damage by carotenoid supplementation in postmenopausal women”,  Am J Clin Nutr 83(1), (2006), 163-169


Bhosale, Prakash, and Paul S. Bernstein, "Synergistic effects of zeaxanthin and its binding protein in the prevention of lipid membrane oxidation", Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Molecular Basis of Disease 1740 (2), (2005), 116-121


A. Crozier, B. Daneshvar, L. O. Dragsted, J. Haraldsdottir, P. Knuthsen,  S. T. Lauridsen,  S. E. Nielsen,  B. Sandstrom, and  J. F. Young, “Effect of fruit juice intake on urinary quercetin excretion and biomarkers of antioxidative status”, Am.J.Clin.Nutr 69(1), (1999), 87-94

B. Stavric, “Quercetin in our diet: from potent mutagen to probable anticarcinogen”, Clin.Biochem. 27(4), (1994), 245-248

W. J. Angerson, M. E. Lean and M. Noroozi, “Effects of flavonoids and vitamin C on oxidative DNA damage to human lymphocytes”, Am J Clin.Nutr 67(6), (1998), 1210-1218


Michael Tierra, the way of Herbs, (New York: Pocket Books, 1980), 235

Ron Teeguarden, The Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs (New York: Warner Books, 1998), 218-219, 367

Schizandra fruit

E. I. Mel'nik, S. S. Timoshin, "Effect of<i>Schizandra chinensis lignans on cell division in the corneal epithelium and tongue of albino rats exposed to chronic cold stress",  Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine 98(6), (1984), 1706-1708

F. Ahumada, J. Hermosilla, "Studies on the effect of Schizandra chinensis extract on horses submitted to exercise and maximum effort",  Phytotherapy Research 3(5), (1989), 175-179

G. N. Choi, S. G. Choi, H. J. Heo, C. H. Jeong,  J. H. Kim, and J.H. Kwak, "Antioxidant and neuronal cell protective effects of methanol extract from Schizandra chinensis using an in vitro system", Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology 41, (2009)

M. H. Joo, S.H. Kim, and S.H. Yoo, "Structural identification and antioxidant properties of major anthocyanin extracted from Omija (Schizandra chinensis) fruit", Journal of food science 74(2), (2009), C134-C140

P. J. Chu, N. Nishiyama, "An herbal prescription, S-113m, consisting of biota, ginseng and schizandra, improves learning performance in senescence accelerated mouse" Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin 19(3), (1996), 388-393

Ron Teeguarden, The Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs (New York: Warner Books, 1998), 145-150, 366


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