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EnergyPlus™ - Research Citations

Astragalus root

B.-M. Shao, W. Xu, "A study on the immune receptors for polysaccharides from the roots of Astragalus membranaceus, a Chinese medicinal herb", Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 320(4), (2004), 1103-1111

Michael Tierra, The Way of Herbs, (New York: Pocket Books, 1980), 223.

Xie-Ning Wu, "Current concept of Spleen-Stomach theory and Spleen deficiency syndrome in TCM", World J Gastroenterol 4(1), (1998), 2-6
     
W. C. S. Cho and K. N. Leung, "In vitro and in vivo immunomodulating and immunorestorative effects of Astragalus membranaceus", Journal of Ethnopharmacology 113(1), (2007), 132-141
      
Z. G. Liu, Z. M. Xiong, and X. Y. Yu, "Effect of astragalus injection on immune function in patients with congestive heart failure", Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine 23(5), (2003), 351

Atractylodes (Pai Shu)

Michael Tierra, The Way of Herbs, (New York: Pocket Books, 1980), 232.

BioPerine

V. Badmaev, M. Majeed, "Piperine derived from black pepper increases the plasma levels of coenzyme q10 following oral supplementation", The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 11(2), (2000), 109-113

Citrus Peel

Michael Tierra, The Way of Herbs, (New York: Pocket Books, 1980), 224.

Ron Teeguarden, The Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs (New York: Warner Books, 1998), 198-199-365.

Codonopsis

J. Choi, H. J. Jung, W. T. Jung, K. T. Lee, J. H. Nam, and H. J. Park, “Structure of a new echinocystic acid bisdesmoside isolated from Codonopsis lanceolata roots and the cytotoxic activity of prosapogenins”,  J Agric.Food Chem 50(15), (2002), 4190-4193

Michael Tierra, The Way of Herbs, (New York: Pocket Books, 1980), 226.

Ron Teeguarden, The Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs (New York: Warner Books, 1998), 157-159, 358.

Y. Chen, N. Liang, J. Wei, and Y. Zhu, “Chemical components of Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf. var. volubilis (Nannf.) L.T. Shen”, 20(10), (1995), 611-640

Cordyceps

Christopher Hobbs, Medicinal Mushrooms (California: Botanica Press, 1986), 81-86.

G. Cheng, XZ Huang, Y. Xiao, “Increased aerobic capacity in healthy elderly human adults given a fermentation product of Cordyceps Cs-4”, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 31, (1999), S174

G. M. Halpern, K. Jones, J. S. Zhu, “The scientific rediscovery of a precious ancient Chinese herbal regimen: Cordyceps sinensis: part II”, J Altern Complement Med 4(4), (1998), 429-457

Ron Teeguarden, The Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs (New York: Warner Books, 1998), 129-133.

T. B. Ng, and H. X. Wang, “Pharmacological actions of Cordyceps, a prized folk medicine”, J Pharm Pharmacol 57(12), (2005), 1509-1519

Zhu Lingyuan Fang Lu, "Studies on the Nourshing and Strengthening Effects of Cordyceps“, Acta Academiae Medicinae Jiangxi 3, (1997)

Cornus fruit

Ron Teeguarden, The Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs (New York: Warner Books, 1998), 205, 359.

Eleuthero

B. K. Huang, L. Z. Huang, L. P. Qin, Q.Ye, “Bioactivity-guided fractionation for anti-fatigue property of Acanthopanax senticosus”, J Ethnopharmacol 133(1), (2011), 213-219

B.T. Gaffney, H.M. Hugel, P.A. Rich, “The effects of Eleutherococcus senticosus and Panax ginseng on steroidal hormone indices of stress and lymphocyte subset numbers in endurance athletes”, Life Sci 70(4), (2001), 431-42

H. D. Smolarz, and D Zauski, “Eleutherococcus senticosus - an exemplary adaptogenic plant”, Postepy Fitoterapii Warszawa: Borgis Wydawnictwo Medyczne 9(4), (2008), 240-246

H. K.Chang, C. J. Kim, H. Kim, S. S. Kim, H. H. Lee, T. H. Lee,  Y. T. Rhim, S. J. Yoon, M. C. Shin, , M. S. Shin, “Effect of Acanthopanax senticosus on 5-hydroxytryptamine synthesis and tryptophan hydroxylase expression in the dorsal raphe of exercised rats”, J Ethnopharmacol 114(1), (2007), 38-43

I. J. Dionne, E. D. Goulet, “Assessment of the effects of eleutherococcus senticosus on endurance performance”, Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab15 (1), (2005), 75-83

J. Daley, “Adaptogens”, J Complement Med 8(1), (2009), 36-38

K. I.  Block, T. Gochenour, C. Gyllenhaal, S. L. Merritt, and S. D. Peterson, “Efficacy and safety of herbal stimulants and sedatives in sleep disorders”, Sleep Med Rev 4(3), (2000), 229-251

L. R. Bucci, “Selected herbals and human exercise performance”, Am J Clin Nutr 72(2), (2000), 624S-636S

Michael Tierra, The Way of Herbs, (New York: Pocket Books, 1980), 227.

Ron Teeguarden, The Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs (New York: Warner Books, 1998), 111-119, 356.

S. Bentler, K. Brake,  Y. Butani,  M. Ernst A. J. Hartz, J. Hoehns, H. Kautzman, C. Logemann,  R. Noyes, S. Sinift, W. Wang, “Randomized controlled trial of Siberian ginseng for chronic fatigue”, Psychol Med 34(1), (2004), 51-61

T. Deyama, S. Nishibe, and Y. Nakazawa, “Constituents and pharmacological effects of Eucommia and Siberian ginseng”, Acta Pharmacol Sin 22(12), (2001), 1057-1070

Goji fruit

H. K. Kim, H. P. Kim, J. Kim, S. Y. Kim, Y. C. Kim, Y. C.  Kim, E. J. Lee, J. H. Park, “Zeaxanthin dipalmitate from Lycium chinense fruit reduces experimentally induced hepatic fibrosis in rats”,  Biol Pharm Bull 25(3), (2002), 390-392

H. P. Kim, S. Y. Kim, Y. C.  Kim, and Y. C. Kim, E. J. Lee, “Zeaxanthin dipalmitate from Lycium chinense has hepatoprotective activity”, Res Commun Mol Pathol Pharmacol 97(3), (1997), 301-314

Michael Tierra, Planetary Herbology (Twin Lakes: Lotus Press, 1988)

R. C. Chang, C. M. Che, S. W. Lai, S. K. Leung, K. F. So, M. S. Yu, W. H. Yuen, S. Y. Zee, “Neuroprotective effects of anti-aging oriental medicine Lycium barbarum against beta-amyloid peptide neurotoxicity”,  Exp Gerontol  40(8-9), (2005), 716-727

Z. H. Jiang, K. S. Leung, Y.Li, C. Ma, Y. Peng, Z. Zhao, “Quantification of zeaxanthin dipalmitate and total carotenoids in Lycium fruits (Fructus Lycii)”,  Plant Foods Hum Nutr 60(4), (2005), 161-164

Peony

Michael Tierra, The Way of Herbs, (New York: Pocket Books, 1980), 233.

M. R. Chen, R. Liang, and X. Xu, “Effect of dandi tablet on blood lipids and sex hormones in women of postmenopausal stage”, Zhongguo Zhong.Xi.Yi.Jie.He.Za Zhi 23(8), (2003), 593-595

Ron Teeguarden, The Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs (New York: Warner Books, 1998), 192-193.

R. Y. Chan, N. Y. Ip, D. M. Miller-Martini, S. J. Sheu, and Y. H. Wong, “A reporter gene assay for the detection of phytoestrogens in traditional Chinese medicine”, Phytother Res  15(6), (2001), 487-492

Reishi

Christopher Hobbs, Medicinal Mushrooms (California: Botanica Press, 1986), 96-107.

Ron Teeguarden, The Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs (New York: Warner Books, 1998), 88-95, 361.

Salvia

Michael Tierra, The Way of Herbs, (New York: Pocket Books, 1980), 235.

Ron Teeguarden, The Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs (New York: Warner Books, 1998), 218-219, 367.

Schizandra fruit

E. I. Mel'nik, S. S. Timoshin, "Effect of Schizandra chinensis lignans on cell division in the corneal epithelium and tongue of albino rats exposed to chronic cold stress",  Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine 98(6), (1984), 1706-1708

F. Ahumada, J. Hermosilla, "Studies on the effect of Schizandra chinensis extract on horses submitted to exercise and maximum effort",  Phytotherapy Research 3(5), (1989), 175-179

G. N. Choi, S. G. Choi, H. J. Heo, C. H. Jeong,  J. H. Kim, and J.H. Kwak, "Antioxidant and neuronal cell protective effects of methanol extract from Schizandra chinensis using an in vitro system", Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology 41, (2009)

M. H. Joo, S.H. Kim, and S.H. Yoo, "Structural identification and antioxidant properties of major anthocyanin extracted from Omija (Schizandra chinensis) fruit", Journal of Food Science 74(2), (2009), C134-C140

P. J. Chu, N. Nishiyama, "An herbal prescription, S-113m, consisting of biota, ginseng and schizandra, improves learning performance in senescence accelerated mouse", Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 19(3), (1996), 388-393

Ron Teeguarden, The Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs (New York: Warner Books, 1998), 145-150, 366.

Spirulina

B.W. Nichols, and B. JB Wood, "The occurrence and biosynthesis of gamma-linolenic acid in a blue-green alga, Spirulina platensis", Lipids 3(1), (1968), 46-50

E. W. Becker, B. Jakober, D. Luft, and R. M. Schmulling, "Clinical and biochemical evaluations of the alga Spirulina with regard to its application in the treatment of obesity. A double-blind cross-over study", Nutrition Reports International 33, (1986)

Hala N. ElSohly, Mahmoud A. ElSohly, Nirmal, David S. Pasco, Pugh, and Samir A. Ross,  "Isolation of three high molecular weight polysaccharide preparations with potent immunostimulatory activity from Spirulina platensis, Aphanizomenon flos-aquae and Chlorella pyrenoidosa", Planta Medica 67(8), (2001), 737-742

H. N. Chou, C. C. Hsieh, J. J. Hsu, H. K. Lu, and Y. K.Yang, “Preventive effects of Spirulina platensis on skeletal muscle damage under exercise-induced oxidative stress”,  Eur J Appl Physiol 98(2), (2006), 220-226

J. Armesto, I. Garcia, R. Gonzalez, N. Ledon,  D. Remirez, C. Romay, “Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of C-phycocyanin from blue- green algae”,  Inflamm.Res  47(1), (1998), 36-41

M. E. Gershwin, T. K. Mao, and J. Van de Water, "Effects of a Spirulina-based dietary supplement on cytokine production from allergic rhinitis patients", Journal of Medicinal Food 8(1), (2005), 27-30

Parada, J. L., Zulpa, de Caire, Zaccaro de Mule, M. C., and Storni de Cano, M. M, “Lactic acid bacteria growth promoters from Spirulina platensis”, Int J Food Microbiol 45(3), (1998), 225-228

P. Bhadouria, Z. Khan, "Nutritional and Therapeutic Potential of Spirulina", Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology 6(5), (2005), 373-379

P.C. Bickford, J. Contreras, C.E. Hudson, J.N. Jernberg,  R.L. Klien, J. Morganti, M.M. Pabon,“A Spirulina-Enhanced Diet Provides Neuroprotection in an α-Synuclein Model of Parkinson’s Disease”, PloS One 7(9), (2012), e45256

P. K. Ghosh, S. Mishra, A. Patel, “Antioxidant potential of C-phycocyanin isolated from cyanobacterial species Lyngbya, Phormidium and Spirulina spp”,  Indian J Biochem Biophys  43(1), (2006), 25-31

S. Boussiba, and A. E. Richmond, "C-phycocyanin as a storage protein in the blue-green alga Spirulina platensis", Archives of Microbiology 125(1), (1980), 143-147

T. Inayama, K. Iwata, "Effects of Spirulina platensis on plasma lipoprotein lipase activity in fructose-induced hyperlipidemic rats", Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 36(2), (1990), 165-171

Ziziphus

Michael Tierra, The Way of Herbs, (New York: Pocket Books, 1980), 230.

Ron Teeguarden, The Ancient Wisdom of the Chinese Tonic Herbs (New York: Warner Books, 1998), 196, 368.


 

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