facebook  twitter  twitter  LinkedIn      


BrainEssence™ - Research Citations

Acetyl L Carnitine

Bruce N. Ames, David W. Killilea, Jiankang Liu, “Age-associated mitochondrial oxidative decay: Improvement of carnitine acetyltransferase substrate-binding affinity and activity in brain by feeding old rats acetyl-l- carnitine and/or R-α-lipoic acid”, PNAS 99 (4), (2002), 1876-1881

Bruce N. Ames,  James C. Bartholomew, Hagen, Tory M., Russell T. Ingersoll, Carol M. Wehr, Jens Lykkesfeldt, Vladimir Vinarsky, Mi-Hye Song, "Acetyl-L-carnitine fed to old rats partially restores mitochondrial function and ambulatory activity", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 95(16), (1998), 9562-9566

Dhitavat, Sirikarnt, Daniela Ortiz, Eugene Rogers, Ezequiel Rivera, and Thomas B. Shea, "Folate, vitamin E, and acetyl-L-carnitine provide synergistic protection against oxidative stress resulting from exposure of human neuroblastoma cells to amyloid-beta", Brain Research 1061(2), (2005), 114-117


Dr. David Frawley and Dr. Vasant Lad, The Yoga of Herbs (Wisconsin: Lotus Press, 2001), 160-161.

Lakshmi-Chandra, Mishra, Betsy B. Singh, and Simon Dagenais. "Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Withania somnifera (ashwagandha): a review", Alternative Medicine Review 5(4), (2000), 334-346

R. Nath, N. Singh, "Withania Somnifera (Ashwagandha), a Rejuvenating Herbal Drug Which Enhances Survival During Stress (an Adaptogen)", Pharmaceutical Biology 20(1), (1982), 29-35

Singh, Narendra, Mohit Bhalla, Prashanti de Jager, and Marilena Gilca. "An Overview on Ashwagandha: A Rasayana (Rejuvenator) of Ayurveda", African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines 8(5), (2011)

Steven Maimes, David Winston, “Adaptogens: Herbs for strength, stamina, and stress relief”, Bear, (2007)

BioVinca (Vinpocetine)

P. Bönöczk, Z. Cserjés, G. Kiss, E. Szikszay, S. Végh, “Retrospective analysis of the effect of vinpocetine infusion in ophthalmologic disorders”, Orv Hetil  147(49), (2006), 2361-5

S.E. Avetisov, T. N. Kiseleva, E.A. Kravchuk, luM Lagutina, ”Effect of vasoactive agents on visual functions and ocular blood flow in patients with early manifestation s of age-related macular degeneration”,  Vestn Oftalmol  123(3), (2007), 26-8

T. Alexy, Z. Biro, T. Habon, R. Halmosi, B.Horvath, G. Kesmarky, Z. Marton, L. Szapary, , K. Toth,   J. Vekasi, “In vitro antioxidant properties of pentoxiyflline, piracetam, and vinpocetine”,  Clin Neuropharmcol  25(1), (2002), 37-42


Pure Essence Labs - Home Page